Periodontoloji Policlinic

Gum disease (Periodontal diseases)

What is periodontal disease?

Healty teeth and gums

Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and other tissues that support teeth. Periodontal diseases are responsible for 70% of tooth loss in adults. When these diseases are diagnosed at an early stage, they can be treated easily and successfully. Prevention or treatment of gum disease; It also brings other benefits such as the protection of natural teeth, easier chewing and better digestion. Periodontal diseases start with gingivitis. So gingivitis is the early period of periodontal disease. During this period, the gums were bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease may progress to periodontitis and cause irreversible damage to the gums and alveolar bone that support teeth. Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. Alveolar bone damage occurs along with other tissues that support teeth. A "periodontal pocket" is formed between the teeth and gums. The presence of a periodontal pocket facilitates the location of the infection and the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the teeth begin to shake and may even be extracted.